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Learn everything there is to know about the necktie. From colour matching and fabric picking to learning how to tie classic knots.
Who doesn’t want to hear nice tie when entering a room? It’s better than a collective silence with crickets chirping in the background. Oscar Wilde once said, “A well-tied tie is the first serious step in life.” If that’s the case… it’s time to step up.
The fundamental principle of tying and wearing a tie is that it should look effortless. A type of elegant nonchalance that comes from practice and having the confidence to leave perfection at home.
Wear the tip of your tie just above your belt buckle.
Ties come in various widths from skinny to disco-style throwbacks with standard width ranging from 5-7 cm. One major factor affecting width is the suit’s lapels. The tie, at its widest point, should be roughly the same width as your suit lapel.
In general, wear a slimmer tie with slim lapels and a wider tie with wide lapels.
Also, consider your build. Are you broad shoulder? Try wider lapels and ties. If you’re described as slim and small in stature, opt for a slimmer men’s tie and lapel.
Understanding tie construction will make you an informed buyer and ensure that you purchase ties which are not only handsome but are built to last.
The most common necktie fabrics are silk, wool, cotton and polyester. Each fabric has different qualities, but your main focus should be on the visual texture. Similar to pocket squares and bow ties, aim for contrast when choosing which tie fabric.
For example, a sleek, silk tie contrasts nicely with a thick wool suit or cotton pocket square. Similarly, a rough wool tie goes well with a silk pocket square or a very fine (high thread count) suit.
Silk ties are easy to store and have a soft hand feel. As luxurious as this natural material is, it’s equally as difficult to clean and wrinkles easily.
Wool neckties provide a different texture and depth to your outfit and are available in higher end wools such as cashmere. Known for making larger knots, this fabric is also difficult to wash and can shrink if not probably cared for.
Neckties made of cotton are easy to iron, clean and store with the added bonus of being strong and durable. However, they can shrink in hot water and crease easily.
Polyester ties are lightweight and easy to store. They can look inexpensive as many have a sheen in the light that looks artificial compared to silk.
Any necktie arsenal worth its firing power must include more than one type or style of tie. It’s perfectly fine to have a favourite, but don’t miss out on a fun polka dot necktie worn in the right context. Worried about getting one of these dirty? We’ve got you covered with our guide on how to store, clean and iron neckties.
Solid-coloured neckties are ties in one solid colour. The most versatile are navy and burgundy, which look elegant with almost any outfit, and are a good place to start your tie collection. You can also experiment with lighter hues for warmer months and casual occasions.
Striped neckties are some of the most popular ties for business wear, and are generally easy to match with a variety of outfits. A general principle is that the more spaced out and thinner the stripes, the more formal the tie.
Not only do polka dot ties look simple, refined and elegant, but they’re unlikely to clash with other items you’re wearing… assuming your trousers aren’t in the same pattern. Other ‘dotted’ ties such as small squares, diamonds or other shapes could fall in this category.
Similar to polka dot ties, paisley ties offer an interesting option compared to a solid. Paisley is a middle-eastern floral pattern that has been a mainstay throughout history.
Knitted ties are ties that are knitted. Didn’t see that coming, eh? You can tell a knitted tie by its texture, which is rougher than the usual woven ties, and their flat end versus a taper.
Knitted ties are quite casual and are well-suited for everyday office wear.
Usually fun and hopefully funny, novelty ties are best left for family gatherings, easy Sunday barbecues and as options to the ugly Christmas sweater. For the sake of your career, we don’t recommend this type of tie for your first interview for a new job. Unless it’s to be Santa’s little helper… in that case, go crazy!
Shaped like a regular tie with a tapered end and standard width, Grenadine ties are much better suited to formal wear than other knitted ties. Besides the width and end, Grenadine ties differ in their weave, which is far more complex and tighter. This also makes them quite expensive.
Macclesfield ties are named after a town in Cheshire, England, which became famous from the 17th century for its silk weaving and the particular type of pattern they produced. This type of pattern is the same as Foulard or wallpaper ties. The Foulard tie is a simple geometric repeating pattern that usually entails flowers, geometric shapes – squares, diamonds, dots – or individual paisley shapes.
Macclesfield, today, is a generic name describing ties with small geometric woven patterns. These patterns should be of woven silk – small printed motifs are called all-over.
Learning how to tie is the most important step in wearing one. Now is the time for the serious step Mr Wilde was talking about.
We suggest starting with a shirt that has been washed and worn before to avoid anything too stiff. You may also find it easier to fasten your top button after the knot is finished.
The Four-In-Hand is often referred to as a simple knot as it’s perhaps the easiest to learn… and it looks great with a dimple! It’s best suited for men with smaller necks or ties with a heavier fabric.
Click here to find this video in Danish, French, Dutch, Italian or Spanish.
How to Tie a Four-In-Hand Knot
The Half Windsor is also asymmetrical, but wider and more structured than the Four-In-Hand with a neat, triangular finish. A go-to classic striking the perfect balance of formality with everyday wear. Its medium size goes with most collar types. Best suited for medium-weight ties.
Click here to find this video in German, Danish, French, Dutch, Italian or Spanish.
How to Tie a Half Windsor Knot
The Full Windsor is a large knot often used by the armed forces for its authority and formality. The Windsor gives a symmetrical, triangular finish and is best suited to thick necks and ties made from lightweight fabrics.
How to Tie a Full Windsor Knot
The infamous dimple is the slight dent just below your knot. Whether your tie is made of wool, silk, cashmere or it’s your favourite knitted one, a tie dimple is possible.
The main necktie accessories are tie clips, chains, tie straps, bars and pins. The overall purpose of these items is to hold your tie in place… but they do much more.
Tie straps keep your tie from going wild in the wind. Afraid it will fall over in your soup? Try a tie clip or chain. Knot looking flat? Use a collar pin to push it slightly forward for an extra pop.
The most important piece of advice is to match your tie to your suit – not your suit to your tie. In other words, buy your suit and shirt first… then shop for a tie that matches.
The above is a very general, easy-to-follow set of rules. We’re big fans of patterns around here. Learning how to work with them isn’t as tough as you may think, and it’s completely worth it. All it takes is a little confidence.
Wear any colour tie with a white shirt. If you're wearing a navy blue suit, choose a necktie with blues and a pop of red.
Light blue shirts work well with ties in the same colour family (blue) as well as dark green, shades of yellow, burgundy or pink. With a grey suit, match a light blue shirt and a floral printed tie for a relaxed, yet elegant, look.
Wear a tie darker in colour than the shirt and with a pattern larger than the stripes or checks on the shirt. To match your suit, choose a colour that complements your suit color – like a navy tie with a grey suit.
Wear a tie darker in colour than the shirt and with a larger pattern than the stripes or checks on the shirt. A winning suit and tie combo is a grey suit and tie with bold reds and pinks that match the stripes in your shirt.
The key to adding a suit jacket with your shirt and tie is to make sure that 1 of the 3 pieces – suit, shirt or tie – is a solid.
It’s always easier to find a tie that matches your shirt… instead of finding a shirt to match your tie.
Want more necktie knowledge?
Check out our complete guide to cleaning, storing and ironing your tie here.
The earliest neckwear was worn by the famous Terracotta Army in Xi’an, China, who were buried to protect their emperor in the afterlife about 210 BCE. Throughout history, neckwear has been found all around the world as a sign of wealth and status. However, the modern necktie is directly descended from... 17th-century Croatian mercenaries (bet you weren’t expecting that).
These hired killers were elite troops working for the French during the Thirty Years’ War. King Louis 14th took a fancy to his new war heroes and started copying them – except he changed their red scarves into a massive white lace cravat. In fact, the French word for tie is ‘cravate’ and is derived from the word for Croatian –‘croate’. In classic sycophantic style, the Parisian elite then imitated the king, and the cravat spread throughout French society.
In 1660, Charles II returned to England after being exiled in Paris and brought this new fashion back with him. Time went on and the tie’s design grew simpler during the Industrial Age as the need for a tie that stayed tied increased.
Over the years the tie has taken many forms, going from wild colours in the 70s to skinny ties worn by hipsters everywhere. No matter the time period, the necktie represents an individual's style and will always make an impression.
Modern ties are mostly decorative and are used to show personality and/or are a requirement for work.
Most ties are the same standard length around 145 cm. For the tall guy out there, long ties, around 157 cm, are available from specialty tie shops.
We feel the easiest knot is the Four-In-Hand. Although anything can become easier with practice.
In general, skinny ties are casual and not suitable. The darker the tie, the more formal it is. When in doubt, go with a solid-coloured burgundy or navy tie.
A navy suit is one of the most versatile you can own. The classic shirt choice would be white. For the sake of simplicity, we’re going to suggest a tie in the red family. Red ties match a blue suit better than any other suit colour.
If you’re looking for a more discreet option, look for salmon, coral, pink or burgundy. These are still in the red family but aren’t as bold as a solid red.
Tie bar placement should always be between the third and fourth button from the top of your shirt. Read our ultimate guide on the tie clip to learn how to properly wear a tie clip.
Most men know how to tie a necktie, and it’s quick and easy to learn. Bow ties are a bit more complex.
You want a knot befitting your situation. Wider knots, like the Full Windsor, are more authoritative and formal.
Thinner knots, like the Four-In-Hand, are more casual and laid back.
Which knot you choose will also depend on the material from which your tie is made. Thicker materials are better suited for thinner knots… so as not to look too big. The same is true for thinner materials.
Definitely not! Doing so would ruin it. Read more on how to clean, store and iron your neckties and get the most from your neckwear.
You can wear a necktie with a tuxedo, and it’s becoming more and more common as a way of ‘dressing down’ formal wear.
Personally, we think that if you’re going to wear a tux, go all the way and opt for a bow tie. But if you do go for a necktie, at least make sure it’s black silk.
Wool ties are generally better suited for winter with their thicker, rougher texture. In terms of colours, go for darker shades of blue, grey and brown. And don’t forget a Christmas tie.
As opposed to thick, wool ties in winter colours, opt for linen or cotton ties in light and bright colours for the summer heat.
We actually receive this question on a daily basis. And the answer is yes, we do!
To find a pocket square that matches your coloured tie, use our Interactive Colour Wheel and the instructions in 7 Essential Rules for Matching Men’s Accessories. You’ll find the perfect match in no time!